Volume 2 Number 2

Clinical significance of intraabdominal pressure and abdominal perfusion pressure in patients with acute abdominal syndrome (Views : 56610 times)


Elevated intraabdominal pressure (IAP) has been claimed to play a role in abdominal compartment syndrome. We assessed the correlation between the values of IAP, abdominal perfusion pressure (APP) and clinical scoring systems including SIRS, MODS and APACHE II and the patients' survival rate in patients admitted to the ICU with acute abdomen due to ileus, intestinal perforation, peritonitis and trauma.
We measured IAP and APP in 50 surgical patients. In this study the IAP was measured in a non-invasive manner via urinary bladder pressure. The APP was calculated as the difference between mean arterial pressure and IAP values.
A significantly higher IAP was found in the non-survivors' group in comparison with the survivors' group. On the other hand, the APP inversely correlated with disease severity scores including SIRS, MODS and APACHE II, whereas IAP values did not show any correlation to these clinical parameters. These findings suggest that IAP and APP may be useful tools in the clinical evaluation of patients with acute abdomen.

Key words: intraabdominal pressure, abdominal perfusion pressure, acute abdominal syndrome


Early complications of percutaneous tracheostomy using the Griggs method (Views : 7064 times)


This article presents our observations and experiences with the Griggs method of percutaneous dilation tracheostomy (PTD). We performed 200 tracheostomies on neurosurgical and surgical patients who needed temporary ventilatory support and protection. Early complications were defined and registered. Frequency of early complications was 22,5 %. The majority of complications were minor and improved quickly. Therefore, PTD was shown to be a safe and appropriate technique for patients treated in the intensive care unit (ICU). Unfortunately, lack of standardization and defined criteria deprive the opportunity for good comparisons between the Griggs method and other PTD methods.

Key words: percutaneous trache-ostomy, Griggs method, early compli-cations, surgery, neurosurgery


Early morning upper airway discomfort and appearance on two X ray films (Views : 5925 times)


We reported a case of reversible but severe upper airway stenosis. The patient complained of only slight discomfort in her throat after waking: she had a history of allergic reaction to contrast medium. Her X ray films showed severe edema in her pharynx. Epiglottitis was diagnosed and we started treatment. It should not be forgotten, that even mild symptoms, such as discomfort in the throat, could indicate the existence of severe epiglottitis.

Key words: airway discomfort, airway stenosis, edema, epinephrine, ste-roids, epiglottitis


Hemorrhagic shock as a complication of anticoagulant therapy following the mitral valve replacement (Views : 8004 times)


This report describes a case of the hemorrhagic shock in a patient on the anticoagulant therapy supplementing implanted mechanical prosthetic heart valve replacing the mitral valve. The association between hemorrhagic shock, mechanical prosthetic heart valve and anticoagulant therapy is briefly discussed.

Key words: hemorrhagic shock, mechanical prosthetic heart valve, anticoagulant therapy


Recombinant factor Vlla therapy in a patient on long term anticoagulant treatment with a bleeding and acute subdural hematoma (Views : 5327 times)


In this paper we report on the successful correction of a coagulopathy with activated recombinant factor seven (rFVIIa) therapy which enabled surgical removal of a life threatening subdural hematoma. The severe coagulopathy developed due to long term warfarin therapy, which followed heart valvular reconstruction and replacement. The coagulopathy failed to improve following fresh frozen plasma and vitamin K therapy. Activated recombinant factor VII therapy became the treatment of choice, which enabled the life saving surgical removal of the subdural hematoma.

Key words: activated recombinant factor seven, subdural hematoma, anticoagulant therapy, neurosurgery.




Most Accessed Articles

Original Articles


Abstract Introduction. The contribution of tracheotomy in comparison to intubation in patients on the resuscitation ward ...

Clinical s

Abstract Elevated intraabdominal pressure (IAP) has been claimed to play a role in abdominal compartment syndrome. ...


Abstract Objectives. We examined the relationship between partial end-tidal CO2 (pet) and mean arterial pressure in ...

Case Reports

Severe barium sulphate aspiration: a report of two cases and review of the literature

Abstract Aspiration of barium sulphate is a well-recognized complication, occurring accidentally during examinations of the upper gastrointestinal system using contrast media. Rarely, large amounts of barium sulphate are inadvertently aspirated into ...

Pulmonary hypertension leading to right heart failure in a patient with IgA gammapathy

Abstract Amyloidosis is a rare disorder characterized by the deposition of amorphous, extracellular, insoluble fibrillar protein in various tissues of the body. Pulmonary hypertension usually occurs in the last stages of ...

Myotubular myopathy associated with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy as a cause of prolonged ventilat

Keywords: myotubular myopathy, muscle biopsy, genetic analysis hypoxic-ischemic ...

Review Articles

Venous oximetry

Abstract Tissue hypoxia is the central pathophysiological process in shock and an important co-factor in the development of organ dysfunction. Hemodynamic parameters, usually used to assess the perfusion of organs and ...

Pediatric Shock

Abstract Millions of children die of shock due to various etiologies each year. Shock is a state of circulatory dysfunction where the metabolic demands of the tissue cannot be met by ...

Inpatient management of alcohol withdrawal: a practical approach

Abstract Alcohol intake contributes directly or indirectly to 15 to 20% of medical problems in primary care or an inpatient setting. It is estimated that approximately 500,000 episodes of withdrawal will ...

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