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Signa Vitae

Journal of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine

Abdominal stab wound with damage to the abdominal aorta and the left lobe of the liver – case report

Abstract

A case of a 26-year-old man with an abdominal stab wound damaging the abdominal aorta and the left lobe of the liver is presented here. The patient was diagnosed and operated on after an emergency admission. The patient was discharged from the Surgical Ward 10 days after surgery in good general condition and was referred to the out-patient clinic.

Key words: abdominal stab wounds, liver, abdominal aorta

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Ticking time bomb: abdominal aortal aneurism detected at prehospital level

Abstract

The cause of sudden death is increasingly more frequent due to abdominal aortal aneurism (AAA). This ticking “time bomb” in the abdomen is particularly inconvenient for diagnosis and treatment at the prehospital level. We present a rare case of prehospitally detected AAA that like the ticking time bomb threatened to rupture.

Case scenario. A 66 years old male called Emergency Medical Services (EMS) due to unbearable pain (9/10 at the pain intensity scale) of crescendo type in the right gluteal region and the right hip. Four days before, due to a sudden feeling of pain within the above quoted region he underwent neurological, orthopedic and urological examinations. The diagnosis of coxarthrosis/coxalgia was made. He was treated with analgesics with suggested rest. Anamnestically, he was previously healthy, without family history of AAA. He is a several-year smoker and hypertonic. Physical findings: conscious, orientated, eupnoic, afebrile, normal skin color, with visible mucosa, excessive sweating and obesity. Auscultatory findings of the lungs and heart were also within normal limits. SaO2 = 99%. Blood pressure (BP) on both hands was 170/100 mmHg. ECG: sinus rhythm with a frequency of 80/min, without acute ST-T changes. The abdomen above the chest was with palpable pulsating tumefaction (size 5-6 cm) in the right inguinum that was respiratory immovable. Lazarević sign negative. Prehospital diagnosis was made: suspected AAA. On admission: treated as the emergency case, after multislice computed tomography (MSCT) and angiographic findings indication for emergency surgical intervention was made. He was of good general condition and satisfactory local status. Ten days after surgery the patient was released from hospital with prescribed antihypertensive and antiaggregant therapy, and was also forbidden smoking.

Conclusion. The reported case is the confirmation that AAA represents a ticking “time bomb” in the organism that requires emergency prehospital recognition, emergency care and high emergency transport to a hospital.

Key words: aneurism, abdominal aorta, ticking time, bomb, prehospital, detection

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