Both the brain immaturity of a child undergoing congenital heart surgery and the complexity of surgical procedures increase the risk of brain injury and development of adverse neurological outcomes. The brain remains the most vulnerable organ and the reason of concern of many pediatric cardiac anesthesiologists. Cerebral oximetry by using the INVOS has an important role in early detection of cerebral hypoperfusion.
The aim of this study is to present our experience and review the benefits of cerebral oximetry in pediatric patients.
Key words: cerebral oximetry, pediatric cardiac surgery, in-vivo optical spectroscopy, high risk patients