The paper presents the authors’ analysis of their own treatments of intraventricular bleeding and posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus in premature infants in the period from December 2009 to January 2016.
Infants who are born before the 37th week of pregnancy are at a higher risk for perinatal complications. Intraventricular bleeding is a common complication in premature infants with low birth weight who are treated in units for intensive care and therapy.
Infants who are most at risk are those with low birth weight (under 1,500 g) and born before the 30th week of gestation. According to data from literature, 30 – 50% of infants born before the 30th week suffer intraventricular haemorrhage. More severe haemorrhage results in posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus.
High morbidity and mortality require an early recognition, treatment and regular follow-up of these infants.
Key words: premature infant, intraventricular bleeding, hydrocephalus, treatment