The right ventricular function is crucial for maintaining hemodynamic stability in critically ill patients who suffer from sudden increases of right ventricular pressure overload and/or severely decreased right ventricular contractility. The morphological and functional assessment of the right ventricle is usually performed by bedside echocardiography and hemodynamic measurements with a pulmonary artery catheter. The therapeutic approach to patients with right ventricular failure includes measures to decrease right ventricular afterload and to improve its coronary perfusion and contractility.

Key words: right ventricle, failure, systolic function

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