The incidence of tracheal stenosis after tracheostomy and / or postintubation is of 4.9 patients in a million per year1. Nikolaos Zias2 concluded that the most common profile of patients with tracheal stenosis were women (75%), obesity (66%) and others. Cooper and Grillo3 indicate that the incidence of this complication has decreased due to the use of high volume and low pressure cuff inflation and performing an early tracheostomy in patients with prolonged invasive ventilation.

Key words: Tracheal stenosis postracheostomy; intubation; lung isolation

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