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Case Report

Open Access

Atypical presentation of thrombosis of a permanent pacemaker lead 


1,Division of Cardiology General Hospital Zadar

2,Split University Hospital Division of Cardiology

3,Department of Pharmacology University of Split School of Medicine

DOI: 10.22514/SV71.042012.10 Vol.7,Issue 1,April 2012 pp.49-51

Published: 30 April 2012

*Corresponding Author(s): DAMIR FABIJANIĆ E-mail:


Pacemaker related infective endocarditis (PMIE) and pacemaker lead thrombosis (PMLT) are infrequent but potentially lethal complications of pacemaker (PM) therapy. Differences in clinical presentation, echocardiographic appearance and laboratory findings are usually helpful in making a confident diagnosis. On the other hand, atypical clinical and echocar-diographic findings may complicate their differentiation and result in a therapeutic dilemma. We present a 70-year-old man with a permanent PM hospitalized because of a 7-day history of fever and weakness. Elevated inflammatory parameters and atypical echocardiographic findings resulted in a diagnostic dilemma between PMIE and PMLT. In this paper, we discuss the pathogenesis of these entities, their clinical presentation and therapy.


echocardiography, endo-carditis, pacemaker, lead, thrombosis

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DRAŽEN ZEKANOVIĆ,VEDRAN CAREVIĆ,ZORISLAV ŠUŠAK,GRGO GUNJAČA ,ZORA SUŠILOVIĆ-GRABOVAC,IVO BOŽIĆ,DAMIR FABIJANIĆ. Atypical presentation of thrombosis of a permanent pacemaker lead . Signa Vitae. 2012. 7(1);49-51.


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