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Original Research

Open Access

Effects of enteral nutrition on clinical outcomes among mechanically ventilated and sedated patients in the pediatric intensive care unit


1,Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Mayo Clinic

DOI: 10.22514/SV102.122015.8 Vol.10,Issue 2,December 2015 pp.131-148

Published: 14 December 2015

*Corresponding Author(s): SANDEEP TRIPATHI E-mail:


Objective. To analyze the effects of enteral nutrition on outcomes and complications of critically ill children in the pediatric in-tensive care unit (PICU).

Design. Retrospective cohort study. Setting. PICU in a tertiary care academic medical center.

Patients. Patients up to age 17 years who were admitted to the PICU between Janu-ary 1, 2011, and December 31, 2013. Interventions. Intubation for more than 48 hours and requiring any sedative medica-tions. Patients with surgical contraindica-tions to feeding were excluded. Measures and Main Results. A total of 165 patients met inclusion criteria. Both manual review of the electronic health re-cord and automated data capture (when-ever technically feasible) were conducted. Data were collected in REDCap software and analyzed using a statistical discovery program. The mean (SD) calorie intake within the first 10 days of PICU admission was 40% (31.9%) of the prescribed calo-ries. Only 67% of the patients had feeding initiated within 48 hours of admission. No significant difference in hospital or PICU length of stay or ventilator-free days was observed in patients who met one-third of their nutritional goals (50.3%) compared with patients who did not (49.7%). Mor-tality was nonsignificantly higher among patients who did not meet nutritional goals (P=.07). No association was found between higher doses of opioids or benzo-diazepines and nutrition tolerance or gas-trointestinal complications. Conclusions. Early adequate enteral nutri-tion had no statistically significant impact on the short-term clinical outcomes of PICU patients.


critical illness, deep sedation, energy intake, pediatric intensive care unit, pediatrics, respiration, artificial

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SANDEEP TRIPATHI,HARSHEEN KAUR,JITHINRAJ EDAKKANAMBETH VARAYIL,RYAN T HURT. Effects of enteral nutrition on clinical outcomes among mechanically ventilated and sedated patients in the pediatric intensive care unit. Signa Vitae. 2015. 10(2);131-148.


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