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Original Research

Open Access

The significance of demographic factors (age, sex, preoperative physiological status) and type of surgery on patients’ outcome in ICU

  • ZORAN KARLOVIĆ1
  • MATEO PERIĆ1
  • DAJANA VLADIĆ1
  • ANITA KOSJERINA1
  • VIŠNJA MAJERIĆ-KOGLER2

1,Department of anesthesiology reanimatology and intensive care Mostar University Clinic

2University of Zagreb, School of Medicine

DOI: 10.22514/SV82.102013.7 Vol.8,Issue 2,October 2013 pp.42-48

Published: 17 October 2013

*Corresponding Author(s): MATEO PERIĆ E-mail: mateo.peric@gmail.com

Abstract

The incidence of postoperative death has changed little in recent years. Most deaths occur in older patients with coexisting medical diseases who undergo major surgery.

The objective of our research was to investigate the significance of demographic factors (age, gender, preoperational physiological status) and type of surgery on the outcome of treatment. This study included 288 patients older than 18 years of age that were treated in the intensive care unit (ICU) for at least 24 hours after a surgical procedure (both elective and emergency) between 1st January 2010 and 31st March 2011. The average age of patients included in the survey was 68 (range 19-88). APACHE II score was between 2.9 and 83.1 points, with an average value of 12.90 points. In this study, male gender (n=186) was much more common than female gender (n=102). Age of patients who died in the ICU was higher than the age of those who were discharged but it was not a statistically significant predictor of patient death. APACHE II score is associated with increased age of patients, neurosurgical operations and incidence of nosocomial infections. Patients’ age and female gender had a strong negative correlation with nosocomial infection. Actual mortality rate for patients was 21%. Ratio between actual and predicted mortality was 1.4. 

Keywords

demographics, ICU, APACHE, type of surgery, nosocomi-al infections

Cite and Share

ZORAN KARLOVIĆ,MATEO PERIĆ,DAJANA VLADIĆ,ANITA KOSJERINA,VIŠNJA MAJERIĆ-KOGLER. The significance of demographic factors (age, sex, preoperative physiological status) and type of surgery on patients’ outcome in ICU. Signa Vitae. 2013. 8(2);42-48.

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