Article Data

  • Views 805
  • Dowloads 122

Original Research

Open Access

The Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitudes, Depression and Anxiety Levels among Emergency Physicians during the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Fatih ÇALIŞKAN1
  • Burhan DOST2

1Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun,Turkey

2Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2020.16.0022 Vol.16,Issue 1,June 2020 pp.163-171

Published: 30 June 2020

*Corresponding Author(s): Fatih ÇALIŞKAN E-mail: mdfcaliskan@gmail.com

PDF (213.19 kB)

Abstract

Background: The outbreak of COVID-19 has put enormous physical and psychological pressure on emergency physicians. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the levels of anxiety, depression, and related factors in this group during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: After obtaining ethics committee approval, we gathered the data for this descriptive study using an online questionnaire from March 14–20, 2020, from 290 emergency physicians in health care settings in Turkey. Results: The 290 emergency physicians who participated in the study had a high level of knowledge about COVID-19. According to their Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) scores, depression was detected in 180 participants (62%) while anxiety was detected in 103 participants (35.5%), with the median depression and anxiety scores found to be 8 (0–21) and 7 (0–21), respectively. As to the requirement of a 14-day quarantine for an emergency physician performing an intubation, a statistically significant difference was found among job titles (p = 0.039). Conclusion: This study emphasizes the importance of recognizing psychological trauma caused by providing care during the COVID-19 pandemic and the necessity of providing psychological support for the protection of emergency physicians’ mental health.

Key words

Emergency, Health care, COVID-19, Anxiety, Depression

Cite And Share

Fatih ÇALIŞKAN,Burhan DOST. The Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitudes, Depression and Anxiety Levels among Emergency Physicians during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Signa Vitae. 2020. 16(1);163-171.

References

[1] Dong E, Du H, Gardner L. An interactive web-based dashboard to track COVID-19 in real time. The Lancet infectious dis-eases. 2020. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30120-1. Accesed time: 15 April 2020.

[2] COVID-19 Dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU). Available at: https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html. Accesed time: 15 April 2020.

[3] Dost B, Koksal E, Terzi Ö, Bilgin S, Ustun YB, Arslan HN. Attitudes of Anesthesiology Specialists and Residents Toward Patients Infected with the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19): A National Survey Study.Surgical Infections. 2020. Published Online :6 Apr 2020 Available at: https://doi.org/10.1089/sur.2020.097.

[4] Republic of Turkey Ministry of Health Public Health Divison. COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 Infectıon) Guideline. 2020; 11. Updated at: 14 April 2020. Available at: https://covid19bilgi.saglik. gov.tr/depo/rehberler/COVID-19_Rehberi.pdf.

[5] World Health Organization. WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 11 March 2020. Geneva, Switzerland. 2020. Available at: https: //www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the\-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020.

[6] Lum LHW, Tambyah PA. Outbreak of COVID-19–an urgent need for good science to silence our fears?. Singapore Medical Journal 2020; 61:55. Available at: http://doi.org/10.11622/smedj. 2020018.

[7] Zhong, BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, Li

Y. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Boil Sci. 2020;16:1745.

[8] Zhu J, Sun L, Zhang L, Wang H, Fan A, Yang B, et al. Prevalence and Influencing Factors of Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in the First-Line Medical Staff Fighting Against the COVID-19 in Gansu. The Lancet. Published online Available at: https://dx.doi.org/ 10.2139/ssrn.3550054.

[9] Zigmond AS, Snaith RP. The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta psychiatr scand. 1983;67:361-370.

[10] Aydemir Ö, Güvenir T, Küey L, Kultur S. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Turkish Form: validation and reliability study. Turk Psikiyatri Derg. 1997;8:280e7.

[11] Maunder R, Hunter J, Vincent L, et al. The immediate psychological and occupational impact of the 2003 SARS outbreak in a teaching hospital. CMAJ. 2003;168:1245-1251.

[12] Bai Y, Lin CC, Lin CY, Chen JY, Chue CM, Chou P. Survey of stress reactions among health care workers involvedwith the SARS outbreak. Psychiatr Serv. 2004;55:1055-1057.

[13] Giao H, Han NTN, Van Khanh T, Ngan VK, Van Tam V, Le An

P. Knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at District 2 Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2020;13.

[14] Johnson EJ, Hariharan S. Public health awareness: knowledge, attitude and behaviour of the general public on health risks during the H1N1 influenza pandemic. J Public Health. 2017;25:333-7.

[15] World Health Organization. Novel coronavirus (2019-nCov):situation report-13. Available on: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/ 20200202-sitrep-13-ncov-v3.pdf?sfvrsn=195f4010_6.

[16] Lv Y, Zhang Z, Zeng W, Li J, Wang X, Luo G. Anxiety and Depression Survey of Chinese Medical Staff Before and During COVID-19 Defense. The Lancet 2020. Published online. Available at: https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3551350.

[17] Li S, Wang Y, Xue J, Zhao N, Zhu T. The impact of COVID-19 epidemic declaration on psychological consequences: a study on active weibo users. Int J Res Public Health. 2020;17:2032.

Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) The Science Citation Index (SCI) is a citation index originally produced by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and created by Eugene Garfield. It (Science Citation Index Expanded) covers more than 8,500 notable and significant journals, across 150 disciplines in science and technology, from 1900 to the present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index The CAS Source Index (CASSI) Search Tool is an online resource that can quickly identify or confirm journal titles and abbreviations for publications indexed by CAS since 1907, including serial and non-serial scientific and technical publications.

IndexCopernicus The Index Copernicus International (ICI) Journals database’s is an international indexation database of scientific journals. It covered international scientific journals which divided into general information, contents of individual issues, detailed bibliography (references) sections for every publication, as well as full texts of publications in the form of attached files (optional). For now, there are more than 58,000 scientific journals registered at ICI.

Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research The Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research (GFMER) is a non-profit organization established in 2002 and it works in close collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO). The overall objectives of the Foundation are to promote and develop health education and research programs.

Scopus Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

Embase Embase (often styled EMBASE for Excerpta Medica dataBASE), produced by Elsevier, is a biomedical and pharmacological database of published literature designed to support information managers and pharmacovigilance in complying with the regulatory requirements of a licensed drug.

Submission Turnaround Time

Conferences

    Top