Relationship between rescue distance and the quality of simulated CPR: a pilot study with lifeguards
1Faculty of Education, Pontiﬁcal University of Salamanca, Salamanca Spain
2Grupo de Investigación en Actividades de Prevención y Socorrismo (GIAPS). Universidade da Coruña (UDC), Spain
3Grupo de Investigación en Actividad Física, Deporte y Salud (GIADES). Pontiﬁcal University of Salamanca, Spain
DOI: 10.22514/sv.2021.044 Vol.17,Issue 3,May 2021 pp.137-143
Submitted: 27 December 2020 Accepted: 26 January 2021
Published: 08 May 2021
Objective: The aim of this research was to investigate if the distance travelled in a ‘rescue’ is associated with differences in the quality of the CPR provided.
Methods: A group of 10 lifeguards performed simulated CPR for 2 minutes at rest. Next, they performed 2 rescues, one of 50 meters and the other of 100 meters. After each rescue, the lifeguards immediately performed simulated CPR.
Results: The time invested in the rescue of 50 meters was significantly lower than in the 100 meters (P < 0.001). Simulated CPR at rest obtained high quality values in the compressions (94.8 ± 9.6%) but not in the ventilations (41.0 ± 22.8%). 50 and 100 meter rescues were associated with a significant decline in the overall quality of CPR (68.4 ± 11.0 vs. 51.0 ± 9.3 vs. 49.7 ± 7.2%, P = 0.002), correctness of hand position (100% vs. 91.0 ± 7.0 vs. 85.9 ± 12.3, P = 0.006), and in the quality of the ventilations (41.0 ± 22.8 vs. 12.0 ± 17.5 vs. 11.0 ± 12.8%, P = 0.001). The quality of the above measures was similar in 50 and 100 meter rescues.
Conclusions: Rescues of 50 and 100 meters were similarly associated with a decrease in the quality of simulated CPR vs. at rest simulated CPR. Lifeguards should practice performing CPR following rescue activities with added focus on performing rescue ventilations correctly.
Cardiopulmonary-resuscitation; Drowning; Emergency; Lifeguard; Rescue
Brais Ruibal-Lista,J. Enrique Moral-García,Sergio López-García. Relationship between rescue distance and the quality of simulated CPR: a pilot study with lifeguards. Signa Vitae. 2021. 17(3);137-143.
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