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Innovations, advances, and updates in neurosurgery

  • Po-Cheng Lo1
  • Woon-Man Kung2

1Department of Surgery, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, 23142 New Taipei City, Taiwan

2Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, 23142 New Taipei City, Taiwan

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2021.122

Submitted: 02 May 2021 Accepted: 22 June 2021

Online publish date: 08 July 2021

*Corresponding Author(s): Woon-Man Kung E-mail:


Neuroscience plays an important role in the basic study to control the coordination of the human body, thinking, and behavioral patterns that keeps pace with time. It is a complex and multidisciplinary scientific body of knowledge related to the nervous system. There are different and overlapping aspects in this field, which are closely interconnected to several elementary professional subjects such as science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. The number of aging population is expected to rise abruptly in the future, such that more than one in six adults globally will be 65 years or older by the year 2050. Advancing age of the elderly would obviously correlate to a rise in the burden of neurological diseases.

Neurosurgery comprises surgical interventions involved in the management of central and peripheral nervous system diseases. Rapid technical and technological advances in the neurosurgical field in the past decades have revolutionized better outcomes and prognoses for patients. The present paper discusses selected relevant innovations, advances, and updates in neurosurgery. Further theragnostic strategies and perspectives to treat victims with neurological deficits are also summarized. We hereby outline some noteworthy, major, plus recent innovations, advances, and updates in the field of neurosurgery.


Neurosurgery; Innovations; Advances; Updates; History; Technology

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Po-Cheng Lo,Woon-Man Kung. Innovations, advances, and updates in neurosurgery. Signa Vitae. 2021.doi:10.22514/sv.2021.122.


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