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Incidence and risk factors of pediatric post-bronchoscopy fever in west China: a retrospective study

  • Yunfang Zou1,2,3
  • Qi Wang1,2,3,*,
  • Lamei Liu1,2,3
  • Lina Chen1,2

1Department of Pediatric Respiratory and Immunology Nursing, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, 610041 Chengdu, Sichuan, China

2Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, 610041 Chengdu, Sichuan, China

3West China School of Nursing, Sichuan University, 610041 Chengdu, Sichuan, China

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2022.048 Vol.19,Issue 3,May 2023 pp.66-73

Submitted: 20 January 2022 Accepted: 14 April 2022

Published: 08 May 2023

*Corresponding Author(s): Qi Wang E-mail:


Post-bronchoscopy fever (PBF) is a common complication in pediatrics without clear causative reasons. It can affect the rehabilitation of children, increase hospitalization costs, and lead to stress and anxiety in parents. Yet, there are no direct strategies to prevent its occurrence, and data on Chinese patients are limited. This study evaluated the incidence and risk factors associated with PBF in children from West China. The data of children who underwent bronchoscopy from January 2019 to December 2019 in West China Second University Hospital were retrieved. Their demographic characteristics, bronchoscopic results, temperature change after bronchoscopy, and associated indicators were assessed. Differences were compared using the paired t-test, chi-squared test, or Fisher’s exact test, as appropriate. Risk factors associated with PBF were calculated using multivariate logistic regression analyses.In total, the data of 867 patients were retrieved for final analysis. Of them, 88 patients had PBF, with an incidence rate of 10.15%. General anesthesia (odds ratio (OR) = 1.855, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.482, 2.321) and length of procedure (OR = 1.02, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.03) were identified as risk factors for PBF in pediatrics. This study found that the type of anesthesia and length of procedure were risk factors for PBE in children from West China.


Pediatric; Fever; Bronchoscopy; Risk factors

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Yunfang Zou,Qi Wang,Lamei Liu,Lina Chen. Incidence and risk factors of pediatric post-bronchoscopy fever in west China: a retrospective study. Signa Vitae. 2023. 19(3);66-73.


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