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Pregnant and puerperal women's knowledge and awareness of venous thromboembolism: a medical of things survey technique

  • Abdulaziz S. Almulhim1
  • Dalia A. Elmaghraby1,*,
  • Albatool Z. Al-Elaiw1
  • Jumana T. Al-Ghaith1
  • Tafuf A. Al-Saleh1
  • Zainab M. Alshawaf1
  • Naseem S. Alsuwailem1
  • Norah A. Albanyan1
  • Saja I. Alhawas1,2
  • Zahrah H. Alsaeed3
  • Mohammed Alabdulwahed1

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Clinical Pharmacy, King Faisal University, 31982 Al Hofuf, Saudi Arabia

2University of Reading, RG6 6AH Reading, UK

3Pharmacy department, Maternity, and children’s hospital, 36422 Al Ahsaa, Saudi Arabia

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2023.037 Vol.19,Issue 6,November 2023 pp.43-51

Submitted: 29 December 2022 Accepted: 10 March 2023

Published: 08 November 2023

*Corresponding Author(s): Dalia A. Elmaghraby E-mail:


Pregnant women are at a higher risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy and postpartum. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection increases the risk of VTE. This study aimed to assess pregnant and puerperal women’s knowledge and awareness of VTE. The study included 403 females at the maternity hospital in the Al-Ahsa region, Saudi Arabia. All participants were chosen by convenience sampling technique and interviewed about their bio-demographic, clinical, and gynecological data, personal and/or family history of VTE, history of thromboprophylaxis, and knowledge about deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). The results of the study revealed that 284 (70.5%) of the participants had poor knowledge about DVT, and only 119 (29.5%) had a good level of knowledge, with a mean score of 8.7 out of 20. Although VTE prevalence has increased due to COVID-19 and its complications, the study results showed a lack of knowledge and poor awareness of VTE among 70.5% of the study participants. The education of women regarding VTE should be improved, especially among pregnant females. More patient education and public education campaigns are needed to increase public awareness of VTE, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Venous thromboembolism; COVID-19; Postpartum; Obstetric hemorrhage

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Abdulaziz S. Almulhim,Dalia A. Elmaghraby,Albatool Z. Al-Elaiw,Jumana T. Al-Ghaith,Tafuf A. Al-Saleh,Zainab M. Alshawaf,Naseem S. Alsuwailem,Norah A. Albanyan,Saja I. Alhawas,Zahrah H. Alsaeed,Mohammed Alabdulwahed. Pregnant and puerperal women's knowledge and awareness of venous thromboembolism: a medical of things survey technique. Signa Vitae. 2023. 19(6);43-51.


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