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Original Research

Open Access

Relationship between peripheral blood inflammation indicators and short-term adverse outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis

  • Kaijian Zhao1
  • Xiaoqing Wu1,*,

1Department of Emergency, Wuxi People’s Hospital, 214023 Wuxi, Jiangsu, China

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2024.087 Vol.20,Issue 7,July 2024 pp.96-103

Submitted: 17 March 2024 Accepted: 17 May 2024

Published: 08 July 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Xiaoqing Wu E-mail: xq_wu0118@163.com

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the correlation between neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and systemic immunoinflammatory index (SII) levels, and short-term prognosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) undergoing intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase (rt-PA), and to develop a nomogram model for short-term prognosis prediction. The study collected data from cases of first-episode ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis at Wuxi People’s Hospital. Patients were categorized into either a poor prognosis group (n = 78) or a good prognosis group (n = 119) based on the modified Rankin Rating Scale score 30 days post-treatment. The results showed that peripheral blood levels of NLR, PLR and SII were significantly elevated in the poor prognosis group compared to the good prognosis group (p < 0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis revealed that the area under the curves (AUC) of NLR, PLR and SII for predicting poor prognosis of intravenous thrombolytic therapy in AIS patients were 0.674, 0.770 and 0.779, respectively. Multivariate regression analysis identified blood glucose concentration, pre-thrombolysis National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and SII as independent influencing factors for poor prognosis of intravenous thrombolytic therapy in AIS patients (p < 0.05). A nomogram model based on these seven independent influencing factors yielded an AUC of 0.929, with calibration curve and Hosmer-Lemeshow test (χ2 = 2.654, p = 0.954) confirming the model’s good fit. Decision analysis curves demonstrated the clinical benefit of utilizing predictive models in aiding clinical decision-making. In conclusion, peripheral blood systemic inflammatory marker SII was identified as a risk factor for poor short-term prognosis in patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis. The constructed nomogram incorporating inflammatory clinical features exhibited efficient and promising clinical utility in predicting early prognosis of AIS patients treated with rt-PA thrombolysis.


Keywords

Alteplase; Intravenous thrombolysis; Acute ischemic stroke; Indicators of peripheral blood inflammation; Nomogram


Cite and Share

Kaijian Zhao,Xiaoqing Wu. Relationship between peripheral blood inflammation indicators and short-term adverse outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis. Signa Vitae. 2024. 20(7);96-103.

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