Efficacy of iv infusion of magnesium sulphate and dromperidol on the management of neuropathic and somatosensory chronic pain - a two pain center study
1Pain & Palliative Care Clinic, General Hospital of Rethymno, Crete, Greece
2Pain Clinic, General Hospital of Heraklion “Venizeleio”, Heraklion, Greece
3Anesthesiology Department, General Hospital of Heraklion “Venizeleio”, Heraklion, Greece
4Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
DOI: 10.22514/sv.2021.159 Vol.17,Issue S1,September 2021 pp.12-12
Submitted: 26 August 2021 Accepted: 06 September 2021
Published: 15 September 2021
Introduction: Droperidol as a medicine has unique properties and it has been successfully used as analgesic, antipsychotic, antiemetic and as a sedative . It is an antagonist for d2-dopamine, serotonin, histamine, and nicotinic and muscarinic cholinergic receptors. It is also a dose-dependent agonist/antagonist of GABA receptors and an agonist of a2 adrenergic receptors. Moreover, is a sodium channel blocker such as lidocaine and potentiate μ opioid receptors. Its multi-receptor action justifies its use as analgesic, antiemetic and antiphycotic medication . Magnesium seems to function as an antagonist for NMDA receptors and it has been used for relief of acute and chronic pain [3, 4]. The aim of the current study is the evaluation of the efficacy of droperidol and magnesium co-administration on the patients with chronic pain.
Method: All patients that attended the pain clinic for chronic pain and aged over 18 years old were included in the study. Patients with atrioventricular block any grade and patients with chronic renal failure were excluded from the study. All included patients received droperidol to the dose 2.5 mg maximum and 1 gr magnesium sulphate iv. DN4 questionnaire was used to assess the presence of neuropathic pain. VAS scale and NPS scale were used to assess the intensity of pain before and after the administration. Change in the pain scales calculated as a percentage.
Results: 48 patients included in the study. 23 of them had neuropathic pain. There was a 40–50% reduction of the intensity of pain after iv administration of droperidol and magnesium. There weren’t any complications.
Conclusions: The co-administration of magnesium and droperidol can relieve neuropathic and somatosensory pain. Long-term evaluation is needed.
Ioannis Chronakis,Eirini Chainaki,Nektaria Polaki,Ioanna Siafaka,Athina Vadalouka. Efficacy of iv infusion of magnesium sulphate and dromperidol on the management of neuropathic and somatosensory chronic pain - a two pain center study. Signa Vitae. 2021. 17(S1);12-12.
 Boyer EW. Droperidol is back (and here’s what you need to know). ACEP Now. 2020.
 Richards JR, Richards IN, Ozery G, Derlet RW. Droperidol Analgesia for Opioid-Tolerant Patients. the Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2011; 41: 389–396.
 Park R, Ho AM, Pickering G, Arendt-Nielsen L, Mohiuddin M, Gilron I. Efficacy and Safety of Magnesium for the Management of Chronic Pain in Adults: A Systematic Review. Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2020; 131: 764–775.
 Shin HJ, Na HS, Do SH. Magnesium and Pain. Nutrients. 2020; 12: 2184.
Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,200 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.
Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.
Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index The CAS Source Index (CASSI) Search Tool is an online resource that can quickly identify or confirm journal titles and abbreviations for publications indexed by CAS since 1907, including serial and non-serial scientific and technical publications.
Index Copernicus The Index Copernicus International (ICI) Journals database’s is an international indexation database of scientific journals. It covered international scientific journals which divided into general information, contents of individual issues, detailed bibliography (references) sections for every publication, as well as full texts of publications in the form of attached files (optional). For now, there are more than 58,000 scientific journals registered at ICI.
Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research The Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research (GFMER) is a non-profit organization established in 2002 and it works in close collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO). The overall objectives of the Foundation are to promote and develop health education and research programs.
Scopus: CiteScore 1.0 (2022) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.
Embase Embase (often styled EMBASE for Excerpta Medica dataBASE), produced by Elsevier, is a biomedical and pharmacological database of published literature designed to support information managers and pharmacovigilance in complying with the regulatory requirements of a licensed drug.