Anesthetic management of a patient with Takotsubo syndrome undergoing hip fracture repair
1Anesthesiology Department, Asklepieion Hospital of Voula, Athens, Greece
DOI: 10.22514/sv.2021.179 Vol.17,Issue S1,September 2021 pp.34-34
Submitted: 26 August 2021 Accepted: 06 September 2021
Published: 15 September 2021
Introduction: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is a type of acute reversible left ventricular dysfunction in the form of acute catecholaminergic myocardial stunning in the absence of occlusive coronary artery, with considerable patient morbidity and mortality1. The optimal anesthetic management of patients with TTS remains unclear. We would like to share our experience with a patient with TTS presenting for hip fracture repair.
Methods: An 80-year old female complained of dyspnea and retrosternal chest pain after subcapital hip fracture. Her diagnostic workup revealed elevated markers of myocardial necrosis and pathologic findings from transthoracic echocardiogram. Left ventriculography imaging along with an unremarkable coronariography was suggestive of TTS. After the initial control of acute myocardial crisis, the patient was scheduled for hip fracture repair, under spinal anesthesia. Having obtained patient’s informed consent, we performed an ultrasound guided fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) (30 mL ropivacaine 0.5%/8 mg dexamethasone). Twenty minutes after the FICB, the patient was placed in the lateral decubitus position and 3 mL levobupivacaine 0.5% were injected intrathecally. A bolus dose of dexmedetomidine 1 mcg/kg followed by a continuous intravenous infusion at a rate of 0.5 mcg/kg/hour was initiated 10 min before lumbar puncture. The infusion was reduced to 0.25 mcg/kg/hour 30 min later due to a drop in systolic blood pressure 40% below baseline, until the end of surgery.
Results: No complications occurred in the postoperative period. The patient walked on the second day and one week later she was discharged from hospital.
Conclusion: To our knowledge, there are no reports of intraoperative dexmetomidine administration in TTS patients. Avoidance of adrenergic agonists and initiation of antiadrenergic therapy is suggestive by the pathogenesis of the syndrome . Our main goal was the control of stress response [2, 3], performing FICB to facilitate perioperative analgesia and administering dexmetomidine, an agent with sedative, anxiolytic and analgesic properties.
Maria Diakomi,Alexandros Makris,Maria Tileli,Stella Potamianou,Konstantinos Konstantopoulos. Anesthetic management of a patient with Takotsubo syndrome undergoing hip fracture repair. Signa Vitae. 2021. 17(S1);34-34.
 Dias A, Núñez Gil IJ, Santoro F, Madias JE, Pelliccia F, Brunetti ND, et al. Takotsubo syndrome: State-of-the-art review by an expert panel – Part 1. Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine. 2019; 20: 70–79.
 Hessel EA, London MJ. Takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy and the anesthesiologist: enough case reports. Let's try to answer some specific questions! Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2010; 110: 674–679.
 Lilitsis E, Dermitzaki D, Avgenakis G, Heretis I, Mpelantis C, Mamoulakis C. Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy after Spinal Anesthesia for a Minimally Invasive Urologic Procedure. Case Reports in Anesthesiology. 2017; 2017: 8641641.
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