Journal Browser

Go Edit a Special Issue


Special Issue Title:

Pediatric Critical Care

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2022

Print Special Issue Flyer (24)

Special Issue Editor

  • Guest Editor

    Dr. Eleni A VolakliE-MailWebsite

    Anesthetist-Pediatric Intensivist, NHS Director, PICU, Hippokration General Hospital, Konstantinoupoleos 49, 54642 Thessaloniki, Greece

    Interests: PICU safety and quality issues, PICU short-term and long-term outcome, Mechanical Ventilation, Central Line Associated Bloodstream Infections, Haemodynamics, Brain Death, in critically ill children

  • Guest Editor

    Maria Sdougka, MDE-MailWebsite

    Anesthetist-Pediatric Intensivist, Director, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hippokration General Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece

    Interests: Anesthesiology, Pediatric intensive care

  • Guest Editor

    Asimina Violaki, MDE-MailWebsite

    Consultant Pediatric Surgeon-Intensivist, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hippokratio General Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece

    Interests: ARDS, sepsis, multi organ failure, renal failure, severe traumatic brain injury, multi trauma, neurological disorders of any kind, postoperative treatment after general, thoracic, neurosurgical and other surgical operations

Special Issue Information

Since the polio pandemic in 1950s which counts as the origin of intensive care units, many decades have elapsed in the field of Pediatric Critical Care. Great advances happened on the fields of prenatal control, neonatal intensive care, pediatric anesthesia and many pediatric surgical specialties. As a result, a huge increase in survival has happened in the pediatric population, however with a negative impact sometimes, on the functional outcome and the quality of life. Indeed, in a large multicenter USA study, it is reported that the majority of pediatric intensive care admissions suffered chronic complex conditions.

In this special Issue of Signa Vitae devoted to Pediatric Critical Care, we will examine the general aspects of Pediatric Critical illness. Taking into account the orientation of the journal, we will start with the A in pediatric critical illness, the airway management in the critically ill child. Then, we will move on the postoperative pediatric patient, both in routine and emergency situations, and examine whether they are predictable and/or avoidable. Survival after pediatric critical illness always was and still remains the main goal after admission in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). But is a PICU with higher mortality rate always worse? What about the severity of critical illness? Could different national settings and resources play a role on the outcome? We will report the major PICU scoring systems, starting form outcome prediction models such as PRISMIII and PIM III following by the organ failure model of PELOD 2 and the Functional Status Scale. Recently, in 2020, WHO released different fluid guidelines for the critically ill child depending on the location of the critical insult, and a question arises: Should Pediatric Critical Care be different in developed and developing countries? We will then move on what’s new on acute respiratory failure focusing on the implementation of High Flow Nasal Cannula therapy, following by a review in the interesting field of Ventilatory Associated Conditions (VAC), Ventilatory Associated Events (VAE) and Ventilatory Associated Pneumonia (VAP), conditions that are intertwined with mechanical ventilation, a modality which is almost a necessity for the critically ill pediatric patient.

Nosocomial Infections is a major issue in PICUs as they increase the length of stay and cost as well, while their impact on mortality is controversial. Bacteremias in general, and Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections (CLABSI) are the commonest and many efforts have been in the last decade to reduce their rate through the implementation of bundles of care. We will present in a prospective study the efforts of a single centre to control them. Safety and quality in the PICU will be our next topic, exploring the ISO 9001-2015 performance in our PICU, and afterwards we will examine Ethical Issues exploring the view of PICU doctors and nurses on the decisions about the end of life in the critically ill child in a national level study.

Last but not least we will develop a hot issue in the COVID-19 pandemic: Do children need the COVID-19 vaccine?

Hope that this issue on PEDIATRIC CRITICAL CARE will be able to introduce THE audience of the journal in the aroma and the essentials of PEDIATRIC CRITICAL ILNESS!


Pediatric intensive care unit, Pediatric airway, Scoring systems, VAP, CLABSI, Outcome, Quality, Safety, End of life decisions, COVID-19 vaccine

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online by submit system. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Original articles, case reports or comprehensive reviews are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website. Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a double-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Signa Viate is an international peer-reviewed open access journal published by MRE Press. As of January 2021, Signa Vitae will change to a bimonthly journal. Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript.The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is $1200. We normally offer a discount greater than 30% to all contributors invited by the Editor-in-Chief, Guest Editor (GE) and Editorial board member. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English.

Share This Special Issue

Published Papers (5 papers)

Open Access Special Issue

High flow nasal cannula therapy in children: working principles and treatment failure predictors

Eleni Volakli,Menelaos Svirkos,Asimina Violaki,Elpis Chochliourou,Serafeia Kalamitsou,Vasiliki Avramidou,Maria Katsafiloudi,Despoina Iordanidou,Nikolaos Karantaglis,Maria Sdougka

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2022.039

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Critical Care)

Abstract ( 3361 ) PDF (564.23 kB) ( 419 ) Full Text

Open Access Special Issue

Evidence and rationale for vaccinating children and adolescents against SARS-CoV-2: a comprehensive narrative review

Nikolaos Karantaglis,Antonios Gkantaras,Despoina Iordanidou,Eleni Volakli,Eleni Karakeke,Maria Katsafiloudi,Asimina Violaki,Maria Sdougka

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2022.055

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Critical Care)

Abstract ( 3488 ) PDF (274.96 kB) ( 215 ) Full Text

Open Access Special Issue

Procedural sedation and analgesia in the pediatric intensive care unit

Ivana Budic,Vesna Marjanovic,Ivona Djordjevic,Marija Stevic,Dragoljub Zivanovic,Dusica Simic

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2023.007

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Critical Care)

Abstract ( 1943 ) PDF (207.38 kB) ( 288 ) Full Text

Open Access Special Issue

Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in children: a diagnostic challenge

Serafeia Kalamitsou,Asimina Violaki,Elias Iosifidis,Vasiliki Avramidou,Peristera-Eleni Mantzafleri,Evangelia Karaiskou,Nikolaos Karantaglis,Maria Sdougka

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2023.050

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Critical Care)

Abstract ( 3142 ) PDF (252.43 kB) ( 296 ) Full Text

Open Access Special Issue

Key process and outcome indicators on quality and safety of care for critically ill pediatric patients according to international standard organization protocols: a four-year follow-up study

Eleni Volakli,Asimina Violaki,Menelaos Svirkos,Peristera-Eleni Mantzafleri,Elpis Chochliourou,Serafeia Kalamitsou,Athanasios Kasimis,Eleni Karakeke,Parthena Georgiadou,Maria Katsafiloudi,Vasiliki Avramidou,Εvangelia Karaiskou,Maria Sdougka

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2023.085

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Critical Care)

Abstract ( 2100 ) PDF (242.61 kB) ( 183 ) Full Text

Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,200 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index The CAS Source Index (CASSI) Search Tool is an online resource that can quickly identify or confirm journal titles and abbreviations for publications indexed by CAS since 1907, including serial and non-serial scientific and technical publications.

Index Copernicus The Index Copernicus International (ICI) Journals database’s is an international indexation database of scientific journals. It covered international scientific journals which divided into general information, contents of individual issues, detailed bibliography (references) sections for every publication, as well as full texts of publications in the form of attached files (optional). For now, there are more than 58,000 scientific journals registered at ICI.

Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research The Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research (GFMER) is a non-profit organization established in 2002 and it works in close collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO). The overall objectives of the Foundation are to promote and develop health education and research programs.

Scopus: CiteScore 1.3 (2023) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

Embase Embase (often styled EMBASE for Excerpta Medica dataBASE), produced by Elsevier, is a biomedical and pharmacological database of published literature designed to support information managers and pharmacovigilance in complying with the regulatory requirements of a licensed drug.

Submission Turnaround Time